a person who advocates the interpretation or planning of economic and foreign policy in relation to events and developments throughout the world.
• a person or organization advocating or practicing operations across national divisions.
globalism |-ˌlizəm| noun
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1 offensively impolite or ill-mannered : she had been rude to her boss | [with infinitive ] it’s rude to ask a lady her age.
• referring to a taboo subject such as sex in a way considered improper and offensive : he made a rude gesture.
• [ attrib. ] having a startling abruptness : the war came as a very rude awakening.
2 roughly made or done; lacking subtlety or sophistication : a rude coffin.
• archaic ignorant and uneducated : the new religion was first promulgated by rude men.
3 [ attrib. ] chiefly Brit. vigorous or hearty : Isabel had always been in rude health.
rudery |-ərē| noun
ORIGIN Middle English (in sense 2, also [uncultured] ): from Old French, from Latin rudis ‘unwrought’ (referring to handicraft), figuratively [uncultivated] ; related to rudus ‘broken stone.’
THE RIGHT WORD
Someone who lacks consideration for the feelings of others and who is deliberately insolent is rude (: It was rude of you not to introduce me to your friends).
Ill-mannered suggests that the person is ignorant of the rules of social behavior rather than deliberately rude (: an ill-mannered child), while uncivil implies disregard for even the most basic rules of social behavior among civilized people (: his uncivil response resulted in his being kicked out of the classroom).
Rough is used to describe people who lack polish and refinement (: he was a rough but honest man), while crude is a more negative term for people and behavior lacking culture, civility, and tact (: he made a crude gesture).
Uncouth describes what seems strange, awkward, or unmannerly rather than rude (: his uncouth behavior at the wedding).
Although people of any age may be rude, crude, ill-mannered, or uncouth, callow almost always applies to those who are young or immature; it suggests naiveté and lack of sophistication (: he was surprisingly callow for a man of almost 40).
1 in a natural or raw state; not yet processed or refined : crude oil.
• Statistics (of figures) not adjusted or corrected : the crude mortality rate.
• (of an estimate or guess) likely to be only approximately accurate.
2 constructed in a rudimentary or makeshift way : a relatively crude nuclear weapon.
• (of an action) showing little finesse or subtlety and as a result unlikely to succeed : the measure was condemned by economists as crude and ill-conceived.
3 (of language, behavior, or a person) offensively coarse or rude, esp. in relation to sexual matters : a crude joke. See note at rude .
natural petroleum : the ship was carrying 80,000 tons of crude.
crudity |ˈkroōditē| noun
ORIGIN late Middle English : from Latin crudus ‘raw, rough.’
adjective ( –eler, –elest; Brit. –eller , -ellest )
causing pain or suffering : I can’t stand people who are cruel to animals.
• having or showing a sadistic disregard for the pain or suffering of others : the girl had a cruel face.
ORIGIN Middle English : via Old French from Latin crudelis, related to crudus (see crude ).
noun ( pl. –ties)
callous indifference to or pleasure in causing pain and suffering : he has treated her with extreme cruelty.
• behavior that causes pain or suffering to a person or animal : we can’t stand cruelty to animals | the cruelties of forced assimilation and genocide.
• Law – behavior that causes physical or mental harm to another, esp. a spouse, whether intentionally or not.
ORIGIN Middle English : from Old French crualte, based on Latin crudelitas, from crudelis (see cruel ).
a person who betrays a friend, country, principle, etc. : they see me as a traitor, a sellout to the enemy.
turn traitor betray a group or person : to think of a man like you turning traitor to his class.
traitorous |-tərəs| adjective
ORIGIN Middle English : from Old French traitour, from Latin traditor, from tradere ‘hand over.’
noun (also high treason)
the crime of betraying one’s country, esp. by attempting to kill the sovereign or overthrow the government : they were convicted of treason.
• the action of betraying someone or something : doubt is the ultimate treason against faith.
• ( petty treason) historical the crime of murdering someone to whom the murderer owed allegiance, such as a master or husband.
treasonous |ˈtrēzənəs| adjective
ORIGIN Middle English : from Anglo-Norman French treisoun, from Latin traditio(n-) ‘handing over,’ from the verb tradere.
USAGE Formerly, there were two types of crime to which the term treason was applied: petty treason (the crime of murdering one’s master) and high treason (the crime of betraying one’s country). As a classification of offense, the crime of petty treason was abolished in 1828. In modern use, the term high treason is now often simply called treason.
morally corrupt : a depraved indifference to human life.
THE RIGHT WORD
There are many terms to describe the dark side of human nature.
- Someone who preys on young children would be considered depraved, a term that means totally immoral and implies a warped character or a twisted mind (: a depraved man who stole money from his own mother and eventually murdered her).
- While depraved suggests an absolute condition, degenerate is a relative term that implies deterioration from a mental, moral, or physical standard (: her degenerate habits eventually led to her arrest for possession of drugs).
- Corrupt also suggests a deterioration or loss of soundness, particularly through a destructive or contaminating influence. But unlike depraved, which usually applies to the lower end of the human spectrum, people in high positions are often referred to as corrupt (: a corrupt politician from a prominent family).
- To say that someone or something is debased suggests a lowering in quality, value, dignity, or character (: debased by having to spend time in prison).
- Perverted and vile are the strongest of these words describing lack of moral character. Perverted suggests a distortion of someone or something from what is right, natural, or true; in a moral sense, it means to use one’s appetites or natural desires for other ends than those which are considered normal or natural (: a perverted individual who never should have been left alone with young children).
- Most people find criminals who prey on either very old or very young victims to be vile, a more general term for whatever is loathsome, repulsive, or utterly despicable (: a vile killer who deserved the maximum sentence).
verb [ trans. ]
make (someone) immoral or wicked : this book would deprave and corrupt young children.
depravation |ˌdeprəˈvā sh ən| noun
ORIGIN late Middle English (in the sense [pervert the meaning or intention of something] ): from Old French depraver or Latin depravare, from de- ‘down, thoroughly’ + pravus ‘crooked, perverse.’
1 having or showing a willingness to act dishonestly in return for money or personal gain : unscrupulous logging companies assisted by corrupt officials.
• evil or morally depraved : the play can do no harm since its audience is already corrupt.
See note at depraved .
• archaic (of organic or inorganic matter) in a state of decay; rotten or putrid : a corrupt and rotting corpse.
2 (of a text or manuscript) debased or made unreliable by errors or alterations.
• (of a computer database or program) having errors introduced.
verb [ trans. ]
1 cause to act dishonestly in return for money or personal gain : there is a continuing fear of firms corrupting politicians in the search for contracts.
• cause to become morally depraved : he has corrupted the boy.
• archaic infect; contaminate : [as adj. ] ( corrupting) the corrupting smell of death.
2 (often be corrupted) change or debase by making errors or unintentional alterations : Epicurus’s teachings have since been much corrupted.
• cause errors to appear in (a computer program or database) : a program that has somehow corrupted your system files.
cor.rupt.i.bil.i.ty |kəˌrəptəˈbilitē| noun
cor.rup.tive |-tiv| adjective
ORIGIN Middle English : from Latin corruptus, past participle of corrumpere ‘mar, bribe, destroy,’ from cor- ‘altogether’ + rumpere ‘to break.’
noun ( pl. –cies)
a secret plan by a group to do something unlawful or harmful : a conspiracy to destroy the government. See note at PLOT.
• the action of plotting or conspiring : they were cleared of conspiracy to pervert the course of justice.
a conspiracy of silence an agreement to say nothing about an issue that should be generally known.
ORIGIN late Middle English : from Anglo-Norman French conspiracie, alteration of Old French conspiration, based on Latin conspirare ‘agree, plot’ (see CONSPIRE ).
kak·is·toc·ra·cy \ˌkakə̇ˈstäkrəsē\Definition of KAKISTOCRACY: government by the worst men
Origin of KAKISTOCRACYGreek kakistos (superlative of kakos bad) + English -cracy — more at cack: excrement, dung, rubbish. Old English (as cac- in cachūs ‘privy’); the verb dates from late Middle English and is related to Middle Dutch cacken; based on Latin cacare ‘defecate’.